Report on the Delegation of the .мон (“mon”) domain representing Mongolia in Cyrillic to Datacom LLC

25 May 2013

This report is being provided under the contract for performance of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) function between the United States Government and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). Under that contract, ICANN performs the “IANA functions”, which include receiving delegation and redelegation requests concerning TLDs, investigating the circumstances pertinent to those requests, making its recommendations, and reporting actions undertaken in connection with processing such requests.

Factual Information


The “MN” ISO 3166-1 code from which the application’s eligibility derives, is designated for use to represent Mongolia.


The domain under consideration for delegation at the DNS root level is “мон”. This is represented in ASCII-compatible encoding according to the IDNA specification as “xn--l1acc”. The individual Unicode code points that comprise this string are U+043C U+043E U+043D.

In Mongolian language, the string has a meaning and pronunciation equivalent to “mon” in English. The string is expressed using the Cyrillic script.

Chronology of events

On 1 May 1996, Datacom LLC was established as a limited liability company providing information and communication network installation and service. Currently it is responsible for the management of ASCII country-code top-level domain for Mongolia, as well as other Internet and IT services in the country.

Several meetings and discussions on the topic of implementation of IDNs in Mongolia have taken place since September 2011. At a meeting on 6 February 2012, where representatives from the government, organisations from information and technology sector, scientists and linguists as well as representatives from Datacom LLC were present, the attendees agreed on selecting the string “мон” as an appropriate representation of the country in the Cyrillic script. At the same meeting, it was decided that Datacom LLC should be the country’s IDN ccTLD registry operator.

On 7 March 2012, applicants submitted a request to the “IDN Fast Track” process to have the string “мон” be recognised as representing Mongolia. The string is represented in ASCII-compatible encoding according to the IDNA specification as “xn--l1acc”. The request was supported by the Information, Communications Technology and Post Authority.

On 30 May 2012, review by the IDN Fast Track DNS Stability Panel found that "the applied-for string ... presents none of the threats to the stability or security of the DNS identified in [the IDN Fast Track implementation plan] ... and presents an acceptably low risk of user confusion". The request for the string to represent Mongolia was subsequently approved.

On 30 November 2012, Datacom LLC commenced a request to ICANN for delegation of “мон” as a country-code top-level domain for Mongolia. During the next several months ICANN Staff worked with applicants on clarifying the proposed technical changes and gathering the necessary information and documentation.

Proposed Sponsoring Organisation and Contacts

The proposed sponsoring organisation is Datacom LLC. It was established as a limited liability company providing information and communication network installation and service.

The proposed administrative contact is Enkhbat Dangaasuren, Founder of Datacom LLC. The administrative contact is understood to be based in Mongolia.

The proposed technical contact is Enkhbold Gombo, Chief Executive Officer of Datacom LLC.

Evaluation of the Request

String Eligibility

The top-level domain is eligible for delegation under ICANN policy, as the string has been deemed an appropriate representation of Mongolia through the ICANN Fast Track String Selection process, and Mongolia is presently listed in the ISO 3166-1 standard.

Public Interest

Formal government support for the application was provided in a letter from B. Altansukh, the Chairman of State Administrative Management and Cooperation Department of the Information, Communications Technology and Post Authority.

Additional support was provided in communications from the local IT companies: Sansar Internet Co., Ltd., Magic Net LLC, Best and Fast Citinet, GNET LLC, GEMNET LLC, Uilstsoft LLC and Sky C&C LLC.

The application is consistent with known applicable local laws in Mongolia.

The proposed sponsoring organisation undertakes to operate the domain in a fair and equitable manner.

Based in country

The proposed sponsoring organization is constituted in Mongolia. The proposed administrative contact is understood to be resident in Mongolia. The registry is to be operated in the country.


The application does not involve a transfer of domain operations from an existing domain registry, and therefore stability aspects relating to registry transfer have not been evaluated.

The application is not known to be contested.


The applicant has provided satisfactory details on the technical and operational infrastructure and expertise that will be used to operate the proposed new domain. The proposed operator is the current manager of the .MN country-code top-level domain for Mongolia.

Proposed policies for management of the domain have also been tendered.

Evaluation Procedure

ICANN is tasked with coordinating the Domain Name System root zone as part of a set of functions governed by a contract with the U.S. Government. This includes accepting and evaluating requests for delegation and redelegation of top-level domains.

A subset of top-level domains are designated for the local Internet communities in countries to operate in a way that best suits their local needs. These are known as country-code top-level domains (ccTLDs), and are assigned by ICANN to responsible trustees (known as “Sponsoring Organisations”) that meet a number of public-interest criteria for eligibility. These criteria largely relate to the level of support the trustee has from its local Internet community, its capacity to ensure stable operation of the domain, and its applicability under any relevant local laws.

Through ICANN’s IANA department, requests are received for delegating new ccTLDs, and redelegating or revoking existing ccTLDs. An investigation is performed on the circumstances pertinent to those requests, and, when appropriate, the requests are implemented and a recommendation for delegation or redelegation is made to the U.S. National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA).

Purpose of evaluations

The evaluation of eligibility for ccTLDs, and of evaluating responsible trustees charged with operating them, is guided by a number of principles. The objective of the assessment is that the action enhances the secure and stable operation of the Internet’s unique identifier systems.

In considering requests to delegate or redelegate ccTLDs, input is sought regarding the proposed new Sponsoring Organisation, as well as from persons and organisations that may be significantly affected by the change, particularly those within the nation or territory to which the ccTLD is designated.

The assessment is focussed on the capacity for the proposed sponsoring organisation to meet the following criteria:

  • The domain should be operated within the country, including having its sponsoring organisation and administrative contact based in the country.
  • The domain should be operated in a way that is fair and equitable to all groups in the local Internet community.
  • Significantly interested parties in the domain should agree that the prospective trustee is the appropriate party to be responsible for the domain, with the desires of the national government taken very seriously.
  • The domain must be operated competently, both technically and operationally. Management of the domain should adhere to relevant technical standards and community best practices.
  • Risks to the stability of the Internet addressing system must be adequately considered and addressed, particularly with regard to how existing identifiers will continue to function.

Method of evaluation

To assess these criteria, information is requested from the applicant regarding the proposed sponsoring organisation and method of operation. In summary, a request template is sought specifying the exact details of the delegation being sought in the root zone. In addition, various documentation is sought describing: the views of the local internet community on the application; the competencies and skills of the trustee to operate the domain; the legal authenticity, status and character of the proposed trustee; and the nature of government support fort he proposal. The view of any current trustee is obtained, and in the event of a redelegation, the transfer plan from the previous sponsoring organisation to the new sponsoring organisation is also assessed with a view to ensuring ongoing stable operation of the domain.

After receiving this documentation and input, it is analysed in relation to existing root zone management procedures, seeking input from parties both related to as well as independent of the proposed sponsoring organisation should the information provided in the original application be deficient. The applicant is given the opportunity to cure any deficiencies before a final assessment is made.

Once all the documentation has been received, various technical checks are performed on the proposed sponsoring organisation’s DNS infrastructure to ensure name servers are properly configured and are able to respond to queries correctly. Should any anomalies be detected, ICANN staff will work with the applicant to address the issues.

Assuming all issues are resolved, an assessment is compiled providing all relevant details regarding the proposed sponsoring organisation and its suitability to operate the relevant top-level domain.